L-ASCORBIC ACID 15% – Known for its superior antioxidant benefits, this highly potent form of pure vitamin C helps neutralize free radicals and helps protect against oxidative stress while providing visible signs of anti-aging benefits.
SILYBUM MARIANUM FRUIT EXTRACT 0.5% – Silymarin has very strong antioxidant properties due to its composition of flavonoids. Independent studies have shown that silymarin and its individual components have broad activity in quenching a variety of radical species.
FERULIC ACID 0.5% – A plant-based antioxidant, ferulic acid neutralizes free radicals and enhances the antioxidant benefits and stability of combination formulations.
SALICYLIC ACID 0.5% – Derived from willow tree bark, salicylic acid is commonly characterized as a beta hydroxy acid (BHA). Salicylic acid has long been recognized as a topical keratolytic agent and is commonly used at low concentrations (≤2%) to induce exfoliation.